Arthritis is a common condition that affects many people causing pain and soreness in the joints. Arthritis arises when for various reasons joints stop working properly. There are different types of arthritis, which are classified based on the way the joints fail to function –

  • Osteoarthritis- This kind of arthritis occurs when the cartilage around the bones dry up and there is no cushioning effect for the joints. The joints then rub with each other causing pain and stiffness and as this disease grows inflammation starts thus creating trouble in movement.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis- This is the most severe type of arthritis because it’s an autoimmune disease where it slowly affects other organs like lungs and eyes.
  • Fibromyalgia- Instead of joints this arthritis affects the tissues, muscles, tendons and ligaments. This disease is chronic and long term as whenever pressure is applied these soft parts get damaged.
  • Psoriatic Arthritis- It is related with psoriasis where skin suffers with high inflammation. Symptoms can be itching, red patches and sometimes they also affect our nails.
  • Anklyosing Spondylitis- It directly affects our spine. It begins with pain in your lower back which remains for more than three months. It creates difficulty in sleeping and you might suffer with mild fever.
  • Gout- It starts with our toe and gradually spreads to our heel, ankle, wrists and elbows.
  • Cervical arthritis- Starts from upper back and leads to pain in your arms and neck. When cartilage near the discs that maintain neck dries up chronic pain starts resulting in headache and weakness.
  • Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis- It is found in children especially during or after nap in the morning. At times, it subsides with age.
  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica- This disease starts affecting muscles around our shoulder, upper arm and thighs. It starts suddenly causing headaches and loss of sight eventually.
  • Lupus – It upsets our immune system. Cells and antibodies get affected with this disease and can affect different parts of our body.

Our body is made up of 600 muscles and 206 bones, which supports the body. The places where the bones meet and movement takes place are called joints. Arthritis is a disease that causes painful swelling and hardness in the joints. If you experience symptoms of arthritis, you should always consult your doctor immediately.